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Native Plants

Please click on the plant name for more information

Alumroot (Heuchera americana)an herb of deep green, it can grow to heights of 18 to 36 inches.  With a bloom period of March through August, the deep green turns into shades of red, yellow, and purple in the fall.  It grows best in partial shade to shade light conditions, well-drained, humus-rich, acid soils, sometimes rocky.

Carolina Lupine (Thermopsis villosa) a late spring, early summer perennial pollinator that grows 3 to 5 feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide.  Plant in rich, well-drained, slight acidic soil.  Beware of slugs and snails

Columbine (Aquilegia): a short-lived perennial flower that blooms mid-spring.  It can hand full sun but prefers the shade.  Very popular with pollinators.

Cream Wild Indigo (Baptisia bracteata)a shrub that can begin to bloom in early March and grows approximately 18 to 24 inches.  It is a full-sun shrub that grows best in well-drained to dry soil.

Dwarf Wild Indigo (Baptisia minor)a shrub that grows to heights of 18 to 24 inches, it typically blooms in mid to late April for a period of up to 6 weeks, and thrives in well-drained, moderately moist soil and full sun to light shade.  Taking up to 2 to 3 years to bloom, it is more drought resistant once established.

Goats' Rue (Tephrosia virginiana): an herb which can grow in full sun to full shade, it grows best in dry, sandy soils, and has an average height of one to three feet.  Goat’s rue typically blooms from April through July.

Green and Gold (Chrysogonum virginianum)a native perennial that will eventually grow to around 5 feet tall, it prefers partial sun and will bloom during April – June. Other than good drainage, Green and Gold require very little maintenance.  Plant them as borders!

Hearts a' bustin (Euonymus americanus): a non-edible perennial flower that will grow up to a height of 5 feet.  Mid-autumn is the best time to harvest this spiky seed-pod-loaded bush when the flower is in full bloom.  Wildlife eats the seed for food and then spread them around.  It attracts birds and is a great plant for beginner gardeners.

New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus)a drought-tolerant shrub that proliferates in well-drained soils and full sun, transplanting should occur in early spring and is well adapted to fire.

Partridge Berry (Mitchella repens)a small, native perennial growing 6 to 12 inches.  It does well in organic soil in late spring and will flower, bringing berries that last through the winter.  Attracts birds and pollinator insects.  Considered by many a must-have for winter gardens.

Smooth Solomon’s Seal (Polygonatum biflorum): a shade-tolerant plant which prefers a light soil and grows to a maximum height of almost 33 ft. during the spring and summer seasons and bloom during late spring, have edible roots and shoots.  It has also been used to make a tonic for gout and rheumatism.

Sweetshrub (Calycanthus floridus)known for its sweet and fruity fragrance, this shrub can grow to heights of three to nine feet.  It grows taller in part shade in deep, moist, loamy soil, growing slower in dry soil and full sun.  The seeds are poisonous.

Witch hazel (Hamamelis vernalis): a smaller species that is slow growing and will mature to 6 to 10 feet.  It will flower golden yellow during late winter/early spring.  It can be used medicinally for skin ailments like bites, stings and sunburns.  Grows best in dry to moderate acidic soil.

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